Bittens Addiction | Biochemistry
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Refined carbohydrates, which provide a quick energy boost, have become, in only a couple of generations, an important ingredient in many foods. In addition, low-fat products often replace fat with sugar, rice starch, or other refined carbohydrates like white flour. For many, the effect is the exact opposite of ”light”.


Up to 75 percent of us have inherited a sensitivity to refined sugar, i.e. when consuming sugary foods, the blood sugar fluctuates sharply. A quarter of these people are extremely sensitive. For us sugar-sensitive people, sugar in all forms, including refined white flour and pasta, can be as addictive as cocaine or heroin. We start eating these foods and cannot stop, the body’s need for more is relentless.



Sugar and other processed carbohydrates, as well as alcohol, affect the body’s own neurotransmitters, which gives us a good and comfortable feeling. If you have this genetic tendency, the effect of the sugar becomes much more powerful, but it fades faster and then you want more, and when you don’t get it, you suffer from withdrawal in the form of mood swings and restlessness. When you eat more carbohydrates, you feel better temporarily, but the blood sugar levels yo-yo up and down.



Sugar-sensitive people can be both underweight, normal, or obese. They may be food addicts but this is not a must. Being sensitive to sugar means having a strong attraction and reaction to junk food/processed foods and/or foods high in carbohydrates which in turn leads to strong mood swings and low energy levels. The sugar-sensitive person becomes something of a ”Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde”. Sometimes they may have depression and/or aggression, and be violent, unpredictable, forgetful, and impulsive. They may have a short fuse, become angry easily or unconcerned, and talk a lot and very fast. But there is another side where they can also be creative, charismatic, charming, energetic, playful, and loving. It is challenging both to be and to live with a person like that.



Simple carbohydrates, such as flour and pasta are converted in the stomach to glucose, a form of sugar, which is the body’s own fuel. One cup of pasta gives the same effect as ten teaspoons of pure sugar. When the body tries to compensate for a large amount of sugar, it produces more insulin. This forces a high insulin level, which in turn causes the insulin receptors of the body’s cells to become less sensitive to insulin, resulting in lower fat burning. Even though the food contains less fat than normal, it is what causes muffin tops around the waist. When there are large fluctuations in the nutritional supply of the brain – the brain cannot store glucose, its fuel – this causes the level of the stress hormone cortisol to increase. This creates even more of an imbalance.



The combination of fluctuating blood sugar, low levels of beta-endorphins – which, among other things, control self-esteem – and low levels of the ”must-have hormone”, serotonin, makes us feel physically and mentally bad. Trying to control this with diet or exercise is often impossible. “Helpful” comments about getting a handle on things with diet and exercise are cruel to a sugar addict. These comments only show that the one saying them does not understand how this process works – which in itself is understandable because his/her own body does not react in the same way.



Getting out of this situation of fluctuations in blood sugar and hormones requires a combination of actions. Knowledge of how your own body works is an important part, so is good food with no refined carbohydrates and exercise for improved thoughts, feelings, and body. Many treatment models address only one or two parts of this problem. We have a holistic view and claim that the disease must be attacked from all angles at the same time.



Physical dependence is created in the brain’s reward system and works in exactly the same way, whether the drug is sugar, nicotine, alcohol, prescription drugs, or even various actions such as shopping, risk-taking, gambling, work, etc. To understand what it’s really like, we need to take a look at how the different cells of the brain speak to each other. In order to explain this, we can compare it to a telephone call.



When we talk on the phone, our speech turns into electrical signals that are transmitted through the air – and then turn those signals into speech again on the recipient’s phone. When the cells of the brain speak to each other, it is all about electrical signals, which turn into chemical signals, and then become electrical signals again in the next cell’s nerve ending. This happens in what is called the axon, that is, the point where the ends of two cells meet. It is precisely here that drugs have an effect and can cause harm to the signals by disturbing the communication between the cells and giving our brain false signals.



Drugs affect many different types of neurotransmitters. Some of the most common are serotonin, beta-endorphins, and adrenaline. In recent years, research has shown, or at least suggested, that one of the main substances that make us addicted is the neurotransmitter dopamine.


Dopamine is the brain’s “joy molecule”, the substance that makes us feel good and that life is fun. If we eat when we are hungry, look for warmth when we are frozen, go to sleep when we are tired, or meet any of our elementary needs, we reward ourselves with a dose of dopamine – it feels good. When we had a difficult task at work, bought something we needed at a good price, or fixed something that was broken in our home, we feel satisfied. Again, the brain is spreading some dopamine.
When we have a good relationship with people around us, when we fall in love, when we take care of our children, or when we experience a spiritual encounter – then dopamine is also involved. It gives us joy and satisfaction.



Drugs can develop the same effect chemically. They go directly into the axon and raise dopamine levels. The brain is fooled into giving the body a reward that it did not deserve. Some drugs stimulate the nerve endings to secrete extra dopamine. Others imitate the dopamine and trick the receiving nerve ending to believe that it received a signal, although none was sent out. Secondly, they interfere with the body’s natural signaling substances, so the signal is not as effective as it should be. In any event, the effect will be the same: it amplifies the signals – it’s like screaming in someone’s ear.



Three effects that work together and make us addicted:

  • The memory of the wonderful experience causes us to take the drug again in order to get the same reward.
  • We soon forget about the natural ways to get rewards, as it is harder and takes longer. It’s like making a shortcut in a forest: the bigger the trail, the easier it will be to find. At the same time, old trails get overgrown when they are not used anymore, and eventually, they are not seen at all.
  • The brain adapts to the strong stimulus by making the receptors less sensitive to the stimuli, which means that higher doses are constantly required to achieve the same effect. The body then needs to create new dopamine receptors to respond to the overdose. At some point, there are receptors left open, and when dopamine is not recycled as much as before, they interpret it as a lack of dopamine, and this gives a lot of unpleasant symptoms.



In severe cases of abstinence, the symptoms resemble those of a patient with Parkinson’s disease, which occurs when the body has too little dopamine.
Parkinson’s disease means that the body’s ability to produce dopamine is too small, whereas drug dependence means that the body’s demand for dopamine has become higher than normal. For example, the symptoms, such as difficulty in controlling the movement of their limbs are similar.


Understanding this process, it is no wonder that ”sugar rats” also run an increased risk of becoming alcoholics and addicts – sugar is a gateway drug. Ever since childhood, their brains have reacted differently to sugar, which caused a rebuilding of the brain’s reward system. The shortcut has become a big trail. The sweets are the first step on the road to heavier drugs – and therefore they are often the last and hardest drug to get rid of.


Neurons that fire together wire together

Neurons in the brain


If the effects on the brain are the same for all types of addiction, the effects on the body can be expressed in different ways for different types of addiction. Yet, there is no doubt that sugar is harmful in many different ways. Dr. Nancy Appleton from California, USA, has summarized some of the adverse effects of sugar on the body by studying patient records and research results in medical journals. The list shows a great number of harmful effects on the body as Dr. Appleton found to a greater or lesser degree.


The negative effects of sugar can be linked to these conditions:

Sugar can weaken the immune system
Sugar can affect the mineral balance in the body
Sugar can cause hyperactivity, anxiety, depression, and difficulty in concentrating in some children
Sugar can cause drowsiness and impaired activity in some children
Sugar can negatively affect children’s grades
Sugar can contribute to an increase in triglycerides
Sugar contributes to poor resistance to bacterial infections
Sugar can cause kidney damage
Sugar can cause chromium deficiency
Sugar can cause copper deficiency
Sugar prevents the body from absorbing calcium and magnesium
Sugar can lead to cancer of the breast, abdomen, prostate, and rectum
Sugar can cause colon cancer, especially in women
Sugar can be a risk factor for gallbladder cancer
Sugar can cause swings in blood sugar
Sugar can impair vision
Sugar gives an elevated insulin level, which can lead to the obstruction of arteries.
Sugar can cause hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)
Sugar can cause stomach problems
Sugar can increase adrenaline levels in children
People with bowel disease have a lower capacity for the proper uptake of sugar
Sugar can accelerate aging and cause wrinkles and gray hair
Sugar causes dental problems and tooth decay
Sugar causes obesity
High sugar intake increases the risk of Crohn’s disease and sores in the intestinal tract
Sugar can cause an inflamed gastrointestinal tract
Sugar can cause arthritis
Sugar can cause asthma
Sugar can cause candidiasis (overgrowth of Candida Albicans in the gastrointestinal tract)
Sugar can lead to gallstones
Sugar can lead to kidney stones
Sugar can cause vomiting
Sugar can cause appendicitis
Sugar can exacerbate the symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS)
Sugar can indirectly cause hemorrhoids
Sugar can cause varicose veins
The sensitivity to sugar rises in women who take birth control pills
Sugar can lead to periodontitis
Sugar can contribute to osteoporosis
Sugar contributes to sour saliva
Sugar can lead to decreased insulin sensitivity
Sugar can inhibit growth hormone
Sugar raises cholesterol levels
Sugar can increase systolic blood pressure
Sugar can change the protein structure to inhibit protein uptake
Sugar causes food allergies
Sugar contributes to the onset of diabetes
Sugar can lead to blood poisoning during pregnancy
Sugar can contribute to eczema in children
Sugar can cause cardiovascular disease
Sugar can change the DNA structure
Sugar can cause cataracts
Sugar can cause pulmonary emphysema
Sugar can cause arteriosclerosis
Sugar can cause the formation of free radicals in the bloodstream
Sugar lowers the ability of enzymes to function
Sugar reduces the elasticity of the tissues
Sugar can cause liver cells to split, which increases the size of the liver
Sugar can increase fat in the liver
Sugar enlarges the kidney and can cause unhealthy changes in it
Sugar can overload and damage the pancreas
Sugar leads to fluid accumulation in the body
Sugar can cause constipation
Sugar can cause myopia
Sugar can damage the capillary walls
Sugar can cause the Achilles tendon to be fragile
Sugar can cause headaches, including migraines
Sugar can cause weakened delta, alpha, and theta waves in the brain, which may impair the ability to think clearly
Sugar can cause depression
Sugar increase insulin secretion in people who eat sugar/starch/carbohydrate-rich foods compared to those who have a diet with less sugar. Hyperinsulinemia and insulin resistence are the worst health problems of today and they lead to a myriad of illnesses.
Sugar increases the fermentation process in the large intestinal bacterial flora
Sugar can cause hormonal balance
Sugar increases the clotting ability of platelets, resulting in blood clots

The conclusion is clear: if sugar were a new substance that was launched today as an additive in food, it would be banished immediately and completely!

For more knowledge see links and resources.